Bill – счёт
Economic crisis – экономический кризис
Unemployment – безработица
Macroeconomic – макроэкономический
Recovery – возврат, возмещение, восстановление
Fiscal deficit – денежный дефицит
Labor – труд, работа
Employer – наниматель, работодатель (человек или организация)
Poverty – бедность, нищета, нужда
Job board – доска с объявлениями о трудоустройстве
To hit – ударять (по чему-л.), поражать
To reduce – ослаблять, понижать
To escape – избежать (опасности и т. п.), спастись
To accumulate – увеличиваться, накапливаться
To promote – способствовать, поддерживать, поощрять
To assume – принимать, брать на себя (ответственность, управление)
To clash – сталкиваться, приходить к противоречию
To be out of work – не иметь работы
Global – всемирный, мировой
Vulnerable – уязвимый, ранимый
1. Global – including or affecting the whole world
2. Recovery – the process of returning to normal activity after a period of slow activity.
3. To clash – if two events clash, they happen at the same time, so that you cannot be present at both of them.
4. To promote – to help something to develop.
5. To hit – to move quickly onto an object or surface, touching it with force.
6. Poverty, unemployment and social exclusions were seen as threats to democracy.
7. This reduced the transparency of the information.
8. The long lines of machines within the buildings kept up their soundless labor.
9. You could scarcely escape discredit and misery.
10. Our poverty is over now!
Global Employment Trends 2011
(Patricia McHugh, Jobseeker, Ireland) I have a lovely garden here. I spend a lot of time in the garden because I just feel it takes my mind off the stress and the worry about bills coming in and never knowing if I have enough money to pay for them. Patricia McHugh spends more time in her garden these days than she would like. She hasn't worked for six years. When the economic crisis hit, her husband's construction work disappeared as well. More than 200 million people are out of work and global unemployment is at a record high for the third straight year. According to a report from the International Labour Office, the prospects for job recovery in 2011 remain weak.
(Steven Kapsos, Economist, ILO) We are projecting global unemployment of 203, over 203 million in 2011. That’s not significantly different than the picture in 2010. So what we're seeing is an ongoing macroeconomic recovery but very much a delayed labour market recovery. And one of the warnings that we issue in the report is that this type of situation can actually represent a threat to economic growth and a broader recovery going forward.
(Eimear Brogan, Jobseeker, Ireland) There's nearly half a million people unemployed in Ireland at the moment so with all of them looking for a job I myself I don't think that the prospects for me finding one soon is very good. According to ILO economists unemployment remains a sticky problem: high unemployment rates persist despite the fact that GDP, private consumption and world trade now surpass pre-crisis levels.
(Steven Kapsos, Economist, ILO) Unfortunately what we're seeing is unemployment rates that are remaining "sticky", they are not coming down as one would like. Now this can have negative consequences for the global economic recovery going forward. And what we also have to remember is that we have large pools of discouraged workers that have left the labour force altogether that aren't even counted among the unemployed. More than 77 million young people are unemployed; a rate nearly three times higher than adults. Millions more have actually given up looking for work, and are not even counted in that number. Growing numbers, over half the world's labour force, do not earn wages but work in vulnerable, unprotected jobs and one out of every five, live with their families in extreme poverty.
(Mohamed Magdy, Jobseeker, Egypt (in Arabic) I depend on my father for help, my brother helps. If I get stuck, my friends are around, thank God, things are rough and that’s it. For the first time in years, the number of people in industrial jobs declined, especially in Developed Economies and the European Union. And low-labour demand can be seen in the high levels of part-time employment in those countries.
(Theodoor Sparreboom, Economist, ILO) The part-time employment rate continues to be much higher than you would expect on the basis of pre-crisis trends , which means that labour markets continue to be in distress, that employers continue to have difficulties. Reducing fiscal deficits in the face of a jobless recovery means people already out of work, will have to wait longer to find a job.
(Eimear Brogan, Jobseeker, Ireland) I feel that a lot of the governments around the world have put a lot of energy into the banking systems and supporting them and they haven't put enough into job creation. The aim is to target a job-rich recovery that bridges the gap between economic growth and job creation.
Be creative: The best ad
Be motivated: Live and work
Father was a hardworking man who delivered bread as a living to support his wife and three children. He spent all his evenings after work attending classes, hoping to improve himself so that he could one day find a better paying job. Except for Sundays, Father hardly ate a meal together with his family. He worked and studied very hard because he wanted to provide his family with the best money could buy.
Whenever the family complained that he was not spending enough time with them, he reasoned that he was doing all this for them. But he often yearned to spend more time with his family.
The day came when the examination results were announced. To his joy, Father passed, and with distinctions too! Soon after, he was offered a good job as a senior supervisor which paid handsomely.
Like a dream come true, Father could now afford to provide his family with life's little luxuries like nice clothing, fine food and vacation abroad.
However, the family still did not get to see father for most of the week. He continued to work very hard, hoping to be promoted to the position of manager. In fact, to make himself a worthily candidate for the promotion, he enrolled for another course in the open university.
Again, whenever the family complained that he was not spending enough time with them, he reasoned that he was doing all this for them. But he often yearned to spend more time with his family.
Father's hard work paid off and he was promoted. Jubilantly, he decided to hire a maid to relieve his wife from her domestic tasks. He also felt that their three-room flat was no longer big enough, it would be nice for his family to be able to enjoy the facilities and comfort of a condominium. Having experienced the rewards of his hard work many times before, Father resolved to further his studies and work at being promoted again. The family still did not get to see much of him. In fact, sometimes Father had to work on Sundays entertaining clients. Again, whenever the family complained that he was not spending enough time with them, he reasoned that he was doing all this for them. But he often yearned to spend more time with his family.
As expected, Father's hard work paid off again and he bought a beautiful condominium overlooking the coast of Singapore. On the first Sunday evening at their new home, Father declared to his family that he decided not to take anymore courses or pursue any more promotions. From then on he was going to devote more time to his family.
Father did not wake up the next day.
List of questions for discussion
1. What do you understand by the term "full employment"?
2. Is unemployment a problem in your country?
3. Is there equal opportunities in employment in your country?
4. Do you ever take any notice of employment statistics?
5. Would you like to be self-employed?
6. Do you think young people care enough about their employment prospects?
7. Have you ever tried to change details on your employment contract?
8. What rules should there be regarding children and employment?
9. Which countries and companies do you think offer the best employment opportunities?
10. What help should a government give those looking for employment?
11. Have you ever worked somewhere that had bad employment conditions?
12. Do you always study the terms of employment carefully before you accept a job offer?
13. Have you ever had your employment terminated?
14. Are there any conditions of employment you insist on?
15. Are working conditions in your country better than those in other countries?
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