Government – правительство, форма правления, управление, руководство
Administrative – административный, административно-хозяйственный, управленческий, исполнительный (о власти), правительственный
Bureaucracy – бюрократия
Succession – преемственность, наследование, порядок наследования, наследственное право
Mechanism – аппарат, механизм, устройство
Decision-making – принятие решения
Heredity – наследственность
Branch – ветвь, ветка
Election – выборы, избирательная кампания
Majority – большинство
To control – управлять, руководить, командовать, осуществлять власть
To enforce – принуждать, вынуждать (к чему-л.), заставлять, навязывать (кому-л.)
To determine – определять, устанавливать
To exercise – использовать, осуществлять, проявлять, применять
To conflate – соединять, объединять
To rule – править, господствовать, властвовать (особенно о монархах)
To vote – голосовать
To limit – ограничивать, ставить предел
To amend – исправлять, совершенствовать, улучшать, вносить изменения, вносить поправки (в законопроект и т. п.)
To bequeath – объявлять, говорить, заявлять, обозначать (в языке)
1. To bequeath – to give someone money or property after you die by making a legal document called a will.
2. Bureaucracy – the people employed to run government organizations.
3. To determine – to control what something will be.
4. Election – an occasion when people vote for someone to represent them, especially in a government.
5. To limit – to prevent a number, amount, or effect from increasing past a particular point.
6. Captain Young returned with two Officers and two of the Administrative Bodies.
7. Put your heart before him, talk to him, but in no way, subtle or gross, enforce anything.
8. The Irish Department of Foreign Affairs have set up an mechanism through which Front Line can raise cases of human rights defenders facing grave danger.
9. Here Cecil Twyford, that lean abrupt man, ruled every acre and interpreted every law.
10. The chestnut tree that shaded my window had a convenient branch I could drop from.
Where Does the Government Get Money
Hello, my name is Arielle Reid in Budapest, Hungary, and today, I will answer the question: Where does government get its money from? Now, most governments receive their money or their revenue from taxation. Now, taxes generally fall in the following categories . You have income tax, which is designed to be progressive, so the more money you make, the more taxes you pay. Direct with holdings, so that's when your employer takes the taxes from your gross income is the most...is the way that most governments now collect income tax. Retirement tax is used to fund social security programs. So social...any social security programs provide revenue for retired workers. You have the capital gains tax. Now, capital gains are profit made from assets being sold, and the government will levy or take a portion of the profits to put in its coffers. The corporation or corporate tax, which also includes capital gains...which can also include capital gains, is a tax that the government levies on corporations – on their profits, on their business . So poll tax or capital gains tax is a tax that's levied per individual. The excise tax is levied not on the value of the product being produced, but on the quantity being consumed. A good example is gasoline – the tax that governments put on gasoline consumption. Sales tax is also a form of excise tax. Property tax is levied against real estate owned. It also includes stamp duty and taxation on inherited properties or inheritances in general. Value added tax was a tax that was used when the excise tax couldn't be collected. The personal property tax is a tax paid by residents in a specific area. It includes things like boat fees or vehicle parking fees that are sometimes added into the personal property tax. And finally, we have tariffs. Now, tarrifs are the taxes that are levied against things...products that are imported and products that are exports...exported. Various governments have various policies on how much taxes are and who has to pay them, but in general, all governments tax and that is how governments get the majority of their revenue.
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Be motivated: How the poor live
One day, a father of a very wealthy family took his son on a trip to the country with the firm purpose of showing his son how poor people live. They spent a couple of days and nights on the farm of what would be considered a very poor family. On their return from their trip, the father asked his son, "How was the trip?"
"It was great, Dad."
"Did you see how poor people live?" the father asked.
"Oh yeah," said the son.
"So, tell me, what did you learn from the trip?" asked the father.
The son answered, "I saw that we have one dog and they had four. We have a pool that reaches to the middle of our garden, and they have a creek that has no end. We have imported lanterns in our garden, and they have the stars at night. Our patio reaches to the front yard, and they have the whole horizon. We have a small piece of land to live on, and they have fields that go beyond our sight. We have servants who serve us, but they serve others. We buy our food, but they grow theirs. We have walls around our property to protect us; they have friends to protect them."
The boy’s father was speechless.
Then his son added, "Thanks, Dad, for showing me how poor we are."
List of questions for discussion
1. What images spring to mind when you hear the word "government?"
2. What does a government actually do and what should it do?
3. Are you happy with the government of your country?
4. What do you think of the governments in America and China?
5. Would you like to work for the government?
6. Do you think there is a world government that is not corrupt?
7. Would you prefer to work in local or national government?
8. Why is there so much corruption in many governments?
9. Should government leaders be paid more company CEOs?
10. Ronald Regan said: "Government is not the solution to our problem. Government is the problem."
11. Do you agree with him?
12. What are the alternatives to governments?
13. What would your first step be if you were head of your government?
14. What would you like to change about your government?
15. Do you think a government can ever make everyone happy?
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