Prize – награда, премия, приз
Recognition – одобрение, признание (чьих-л. заслуг и т. п.)
Accomplishment – достижение, успех
Achievement – выполнение, исполнение, завершение
Award – присуждение (награды, премии)
Committee – комитет, комиссия
Laureate – лауреат
Contribution – вклад, ценные достижения
Nomination – право назначения, выставления кандидата
Preliminary – предварительный
To honor – почитать, удостаивать
To bestow – давать, даровать, награждать
To advance – вносить, выдвигать (план, предложение)
To choose – выбирать, избирать
To reward – награждать, давать награду или денежное вознаграждение
To select – выбирать, избирать
To submit – представлять на рассмотрение
To provide – снабжать, предоставлять, обеспечивать
To discredit – позорить, бесчестить, дискредитировать
To recognize – ценить, признавать (чьи-л. заслуги), отдавать должное (чьему-л. таланту и т.п.)
1. To discredit – to harm someone’s reputation.
2. Nomination – an official suggestion that someone should get a job or a prize, or the decision to give them a job or a prize.
3. To select – to choose someone or something from a group.
4. Achievement – a particular thing that you have achieved.
5. To bestow – to give valuable property or an important right or honour to someone.
6. In yet another particular case that affords accomplishment of the result at its maximum, the second method may be carried out as follows.
7. As you know, it was convened on an initiative that the Bulgarian President advanced a year ago, after the January gas crisis.
8. They were a committee appointed to gather further information.
9. The Board of Governors shall submit to the General Conference the annual budget estimates for the expenses of the Agency.
10. The BBC had run a preliminary story yesterday to mediocre response.
President Obama On Winning the Nobel Peace Prize
The President: Good morning. Well, this is not how I expected to wake up this morning. After I received the news, Malia walked in and said, "Daddy, you won the Nobel Peace Prize, and it is Bo's birthday!" And then Sasha added, "Plus, we have a three-day weekend coming up." So it's good to have kids to keep things in perspective. I am both surprised and deeply humbled by the decision of the Nobel Committee. Let me be clear: I do not view it as a recognition of my own accomplishments, but rather as an affirmation of American leadership on behalf of aspirations held by people in all nations. To be honest, I do not feel that I deserve to be in the company of so many of the transformative figures who've been honored by this prize – men and women who've inspired me and inspired the entire world through their courageous pursuit of peace. But I also know that this prize reflects the kind of world that those men and women, and all Americans, want to build – a world that gives life to the promise of our founding documents. And I know that throughout history, the Nobel Peace Prize has not just been used to honor specific achievement; it's also been used as a means to give momentum to a set of causes. And that is why I will accept this award as a call to action – a call for all nations to confront the common challenges of the 21st century. These challenges can't be met by any one leader or any one nation. And that's why my administration's worked to establish a new era of engagement in which all nations must take responsibility for the world we seek. We cannot tolerate a world in which nuclear weapons spread to more nations and in which the terror of a nuclear holocaust endangers more people. And that's why we've begun to take concrete steps to pursue a world without nuclear weapons, because all nations have the right to pursue peaceful nuclear power, but all nations have the responsibility to demonstrate their peaceful intentions. We cannot accept the growing threat posed by climate change, which could forever damage the world that we pass on to our children – sowing conflict and famine; destroying coastlines and emptying cities. And that's why all nations must now accept their share of responsibility for transforming the way that we use energy. We can't allow the differences between peoples to define the way that we see one another, and that's why we must pursue a new beginning among people of different faiths and races and religions; one based upon mutual interest and mutual respect. And we must all do our part to resolve those conflicts that have caused so much pain and hardship over so many years, and that effort must include an unwavering commitment that finally realize that the rights of all Israelis and Palestinians to live in peace and security in nations of their own. We can't accept a world in which more people are denied opportunity and dignity that all people yearn for – the ability to get an education and make a decent living; the security that you won't have to live in fear of disease or violence without hope for the future . And even as we strive to seek a world in which conflicts are resolved peacefully and prosperity is widely shared, we have to confront the world as we know it today. I am the Commander-in-Chief of a country that's responsible for ending a war and working in another theater to confront a ruthless adversary that directly threatens the American people and our allies. I'm also aware that we are dealing with the impact of a global economic crisis that has left millions of Americans looking for work. These are concerns that I confront every day on behalf of the american people. Some of the work confronting us will not be completed during my presidency. Some, like the elimination of nuclear weapons, may not be completed in my lifetime. But I know these challenges can be met so long as it's recognized that they will not be met by one person or one nation alone. This award is not simply about the efforts of my administration -- it's about the courageous efforts of people around the world. And that's why this award must be shared with everyone who strives for justice and dignity – for the young woman who marches silently in the streets on behalf of her right to be heard even in the face of beatings and bullets; for the leader imprisoned in her own home because she refuses to abandon her commitment to democracy ; for the soldier who sacrificed through tour after tour of duty on behalf of someone half a world away; and for all those men and women across the world who sacrifice their safety and their freedom and sometime their lives for the cause of peace. That has always been the cause of America. That's why the world has always looked to America. And that's why I believe America will continue to lead. Thank you very much.
Be creative: The best ad
Be motivated: Temper control
There once was a little boy who had a bad temper. His father gave him a bag of nails and told him that every time he lost his temper, he must hammer a nail into the fence.
The first day the boy had driven 37 nails into the fence. Over the next few weeks as he learned to control his anger, the number of nails hammered daily, gradually dwindled down. He discovered it was easier to hold his temper than to drive those nails into the fence. Finally the day came when the boy didn’t lose his temper at all. He told his father about it and the father suggested that the boy now pull out one nail for each day that he was able to hold his temper.
The days passed and the young boy was finally able to tell his father that all the nails were gone. The father took his son by the hand and led him to the fence. He said "you have done well, my son, but look at the holes in the fence. The fence will never be the same. When you say things in anger, they leave a scar just like this one."
You can put a knife in a man and draw it out. It won’t matter how many times you say I’m sorry, the wound is still there.
List of questions for discussion
1. What do you think of the Nobel Prize?
2. What do you know about the different Nobel prizes?
3. What do you know about the different Nobel Prize winners?
4. What do you know about the life of Alfred Nobel?
5. Does your country have many Nobel Prize winners?
6. Would you prefer to win a Nobel Prize for peace, literature, medicine, physics or economics?
7. Ghandi never won the Nobel Prize for Peace. Do you think he should have?
8. Do you know any Nobel Prize winners who should not have received the award?
9. What do Nobel Prize winners have in common?
10. Men usually win Nobel Prizes. Does this make the Nobel selection committee sexist?
11. If you could make a new Nobel Prize category, what would it be and who would win it?
12. Do you think there should be a Nobel Prize for the environment?
13. Are there any better prizes in the world than the Nobel Peace prize?
14. What do you think you should win a Nobel Prize for?
15. What would you do if you win a Nobel Prize?
Для обсуждения данной темы присоединяйтесь к разговорным клубам. Студентам индивидуального курса разговорные клубы предоставляются бесплатно. А если вы предпочитаете обучение в формате разговорных клубов, записывайтесь на групповые занятия.