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Possessions – имущество
Destitution – нужда, нищета
Income – доход, приход, прибыль
Production – производство, изготовление
Poor – бедный, малоимущий, неимущий
Deficiency – отсутствие чего-л., нехватка, дефицит
Homeless – бездомный, бесприютный, беспризорный
Debt – долг
Affordable – общедоступный
Deterioration – ухудшение (состояния или качества)

To lack – испытывать недостаток, нуждаться в (чём-л.), не иметь
To estimate – оценивать, производить оценку
To restrict – ограничивать
To increase – увеличиваться, расти, усиливаться
To reduce – понижать, сокращать, уменьшать
To need – бедствовать, нуждаться
To eliminate – устранять, исключать
To exceed – превышать, переступать пределы, границы
To produce – производить, выпускать, вырабатывать
To contribute – делать пожертвования, взносы

John Hope Bryant on financial literacy and fighting poverty

Hello the YouTube community. Very, very cool community. And I'm not just saying that cuz I'm here in the cold Davos Switzerland. We're here at the world economic forum, I'm a young global leader. My name is, I'm sorry, a member of the young global leaders, we will not want to suggest that I am a leader. Here at the WEF. My name is John Hope Bryant and I'm founder of operation HOP, which is America's first non profit central investment bank. I'm also vice chairman of the President's counsil on financial literacy in the United States. As executed by the President on this past Tuesday. Which speaks to the question, what's the one thing that companies and governments, that organizations, that individuals like you, can do to make the world a better place? I believe in one person can change the world. And when you think about people who changed the world, with all due respect to all the great people who are here, many of those people had no titles. Jesus Christ was a carpenter, Mother Theresa was a nurse, Nelson Mandela for 27 years was a prisoner, Martin Luther King Jr was a southern preacher, my friend Andrew Young, my mentor, civil rights leader and reverend. But one person changed the world. So what's the one thing that we should do? What's the one thing we could do? I think we need to move from civil rights to ciliary rights. I think that we need to empower people. It's not to give them a hand out, but a hand up. To not to not focus, as a lot of bad colabority is on, a lot of government services are focused on giving a man a fish but teaching him how to fish. I remember Martin Luther King Jr told Andrew Young a story that really wasn't made public back then, it wasn't politically correct. He was on the Jericho road in Israel and the media kept saying Martin you remind me of the goos samaritan on the Jericho road. Dr. King said to Andrew Young, he said Andy we need good Samaritans. I respect good Samaritans. I want a good Samaritan to be in my community, but I don't want to be a good Samaritan. [pause] The Jericho road is dangerous. [pause] I don't want to pick up my people, sitting like a victim, sitting on the edge of the Jericho road anymore. We need to fix the Jericho road. We need to pave the Jericho road. We need to put street lights up along the Jericho road. We need to build community development and home ownership and small business and entrepreneurship along the Jericho road. We need to create entrepreneurs and educated people along the Jericho road. Andy, we need to fix the Jericho road. And when he was killed, Dr King was killed, in 68, April of 68, he was focused on the poor people's campaign. And that was about poor whites, there's more poor white people in America than anybody else. Poor blacks, poor Latinos, poor Asians, poor Indians, poor African Americans, poor Latinos, moving all up the economic ladder. He said this, you can not educate goodness and you can not pass a law to force someone to respect you. The only way of social justice in a capitalist country is economic parity, ownership. There's nothing more appropriate than this Davos conversation, then looking at the least of these God's children, looking at the fact that we integrated the lunch counter in 68, 62, 1960 in the U.S., but we never integrated the dollar, or the euro or the zen dollar. Whatever it is, the currency you're dealing with. In Swiss it's frank. I think that the thing that we can do is to teach people about civil rights. To teach them about financial literature. Teach them about free enterprise and capitalism and ownership. If you're living in a little shanty town in south Africa, you're living in Alexandria, South Africa, you don't have running water, you don't have lights, you don't even have solid walls. But on every street corner is a black woman doing hair. That's an entrepreneur . On every corner, in every block, there's a little kiosk selling cell phone and cell phone minutes by little cards that have cell phone minutes on it. Those are entrepreneurs. We are natural entrepreneurs. Poor people are natural entrepreneurs. People don't realize that Sam Walton, Wal-Mart, was an uneducated, poor, white male from the south who realized that poor people wanted good products at a good price. And well on now you have the largest retailer in the world. Poor people have made most the fortunes in the world. We've got to stop making fortunes on the back of poor people and start making fortune developers out of poor people. That's something that all of us can do. Teach financial literacy, tech dignity. Go in your community and understand you can not be a leader unless you are there to serve. All around this world we've got to continue the work of Dr King, big An, and launch a global civil rights movement. If we do that you won't have to worry about more aid for South Africa because you're giving people a hand up. Africa or the African continent, or Latin America, or poor places in Asia, or poor places in Latin America, the 6 billion people in this planet. Half of which are living on a dollar day. That's not sustainable, that's not dignity, that's not what we deserve. What people want is an opportunity to succeed or fail on their own merit. And if you want to feel good about yourself, help somebody help themselves. And if we do that, if we create a generation of entrepreneurs in Africa, they'll become tax payers, they'll become job producers. Africa will not be the dark continent. It will be a place of opportunity and prosperity because it's an amazing beautiful place. That will take it's place as one of the leaders in the 21st century. And you can help make that a reality. Everybody can help make a difference. You be that one person.

Be creative: The best ad


Be motivated: Testing for gossip

In ancient Greece, Socrates was reputed to hold knowledge in high esteem. One day an acquaintance met the great philosopher and said, "Do you know what I just heard about your friend?"
"Hold on a minute," Socrates replied. "Before telling me anything I’d like you to pass a little test. It’s called the Triple Filter Test."
"Triple filter?"
"That’s right," Socrates continued. "Before you talk to me about my friend, it might be a good idea to take a moment and filter what you’re going to say. That’s why I call it the triple filter test. The first filter is Truth. Have you made absolutely sure that what you are about to tell me is true?"
"No," the man said, "Actually I just heard about it and ..."
"All right," said Socrates. "So you don’t really know if it’s true or not. Now let’s try the second filter, the filter of Goodness. Is what you are about to tell me about my friend something good?"
"No, on the contrary…"
"So," Socrates continued, "you want to tell me something bad about him, but you’re not certain it’s true. You may still pass the test though, because there’s one filter left: the filter of Usefulness. Is what you want to tell me about my friend going to be useful to me?"
"No, not really …"
"Well," concluded Socrates, "if what you want to tell me is neither true nor good nor even useful, why tell it to me at all?"

List of questions for discussion

1. What is poverty?
2. Why do so many people live below the poverty line?
3. What kind of poverty exists in your country?
4. What do you think living below the poverty line is like?
5. Is it possible for the world to make poverty disappear?
6. What do you think of people who buy expensive brands when so much poverty exists in the world?
7. Aristotle said: "Poverty is the parent of revolution and crime." What do you think?
8. Why does poverty exist in rich countries like the USA?
9. What do you think of the "Make Poverty History" campaign?
10. In 1964, Lyndon B. Johnson announced: "For the first time in our history it is possible to conquer poverty." What went wrong?
11. What are the causes of poverty?
12. What do you think a poverty trap is and is it easy for people to escape it?
13. What is more important to win, the war on terror or the war on poverty? Are governments spending on the right war?
14. Do you think there’d be no wars if there was no poverty?
15. Eli Khamarov said: "Poverty is like punishment for a crime you didn't commit. And one never really forgets either – everything serves as a constant reminder of it." How far is this true today?

Для обсуждения данной темы присоединяйтесь к разговорным клубам. Студентам индивидуального курса разговорные клубы предоставляются бесплатно. А если вы предпочитаете обучение в формате разговорных клубов, записывайтесь на групповые занятия.

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