Retirement – выход в отставку, уход на пенсию, отход от дел
Permanently – перманентно, надолго, постоянно
Income – доход, приход, прибыль, заработок
Pension – пенсия, пособие
Kin – родня, родственники, родство
Pensioner – пенсионер
Monetary bonus – денежное вознаграждение
Eligible – приемлемый, имеющий право
Benefit – выгода, польза
To inherit – наследовать, унаследовать, быть, стать наследником
To retire – уходить в отставку, на пенсию
To force – оказывать давление, заставлять, принуждать, вынуждать
To provide – давать, предоставлять, обеспечивать
To sponsor – субсидировать, финансировать, спонсировать
Stop working – перестать работать
Call it quits – называйте это расчетом
Golden handshake – золотое рукопожатие
To hang up one's boots – уйти на заслуженный отдых
To be put out to pasture – быть выдворенным на пастбище
The golden years – золотые годы
1. Pension – money that someone regularly receives after they have stopped working because of their age, paid either by their company or by the government.
2. Eligible – allowed by rules or laws to do something or to receive something.
3. To force – to make someone do something that they do not want to do, for example by using or threatening to use violence.
4. Permanently – in a way that lasts or remains unchanged indefinitely.
5. Kin – all the people in your family.
6. He is living happily in retirement, with his retirement pension.
7. He inherited a fortune from an uncle.
8. A lot of them are sponsoring these concerts now, which are being broadcast regularly with the names of the sponsors.
9. They live beyond their income.
10. He retired when he was 65.
Hi. My name is Cari. I’m a teacher with the online English school, EnglishDom.com. This week, we’re going to talk about retirement.
Retirement refers to when you stop working permanently, usually because of age; although, nowadays, we have many people who have to continue working because the economy is so bad, they still need money (they still need an income) and they don’t have enough of a pension or social security from the government coming to them every month. So, they need to continue working even when they’re elderly.
(Um) We also have people who retire early. They make so much money at a young age that they’re able to retire and live off their earnings. And then of course, there’s people who inherit money and they often don’t retire. They just kind of live on their money forever and pass it along to their, their next of kin.
(Uh) People who do retire from work permanently are often called retirees or pensioners (because they receive that monthly pension from a business or the government) and it’s usually older people that we refer to as elderly or the "old folks" or older persons.
Some phrases related to retirement are, one, to call it quits. That’s when you say, "Nope. I’m done working. I’m outta here! I’m calling it quits," number two is to receive the "golden handshake". That’s when the company basically asks you to retire but they give you some money to do so, so there’s a monetary bonus if you retire at a certain age. This often happens so the company can then hire younger workers who earn less salary. (Uh) A third idiom related to retirement is to "hang up your boots". This generally refers to athletes who are retiring from a professional sport. And, the fourth one is related to our agricultural industry (that at one time was very common in the U.S.). This idiom is "to be put out to pasture". And this comes from the idea of horses who used to work the land or work on the farm. When they were too old to work, they were put out to pasture. They could roam the fields and just eat all day. And the last idiom is "the golden years". This refers to the time of your life when you’re elderly and no longer have to work and can just enjoy your life.
Unfortunately, there’s not many people who can live that way nowadays, as I said, because of the economy. Our world, our economic system is changing quite a bit these days and who knows what retirement will look like in the future for my generation or the generation prior to me and those coming after me. (Um) I think people are going to have to work in very different ways; people no longer stay with a company for fifty years and then retire. So, we have some interesting things ahead of us.
(Um) I’d be very interested in hearing your ideas about the topic so, please join us in one of our discussion clubs or on the forum on our Facebook page and share your ideas about retirement. We hope to hear from you soon. Feel English and feel free. Bye for now.
In retirement, every day is Boss Day and every day is Employee Appreciation Day.
Retire from work, but not from life.
When you retire, you'll never get another day off.
The boss is finally old enough to retire from the company. On his last day of work, he ordered a farewell party for himself. The boss wanted everyone to express their good feeling about him by writing on the farewell card, so later he could remember how his staff "miss" him.
Most people are writing standard phrases like, "Without you, the company will never be the same, We will always remember you," etc. Obviously the boss was not satisfied. "I need something from the bottom of your heart, something really touching, you know. Okay, John, you have been working with me for the last 20 years. You are my best staff. I am retiring now. What do you have to say?"
Slowly but firmly, John wrote, "The best news in 20 years."
List of questions for discussion
1. What comes to mind when you hear the word "retirement"?
2. Are you looking forward to your retirement?
3. What do you think you’ll do in your retirement?
4. Do you think people who retire miss working?
5. What’s the best age for retirement?
6. What do you think of famous people who come out of retirement?
7. Would you like to aim for an early retirement?
8. What do you think of the idea of living on a retirement home?
9. "A retired husband is often a wife's full-time job." (Ella Harris) What do you think?
10. Do you think the challenge of retirement is how to spend time without spending money?
11. What problems does a country have if too many of its citizens are in retirement?
12. Are you putting money away for your retirement?
13. Is retirement the end of useful life or a new beginning?
14. Do you think retirement is when you stop living at work and begin working at living?
15. "Retirement is wonderful. It's doing nothing without worrying about getting caught at it." (Gene Perret) Do you agree?
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