Stereotype – стереотип
Generalization – обобщение
Pigeon-holing – классифицирование
Race – раса
Nerd – тупица
Jock – спортсмен
Arena – сфера интересов, круг интересов, сфера деятельности
Prejudice – предубеждение
Scapegoat – козёл отпущения
Persecution – преследование
Faith – вера, доверие
Commitment – обязанность, долг
Uniqueness – уникальность
Hostility – враждебность
Suspicious – подозрительный
To stamp – маркировать
To discard – отвергать
To tolerate – выносить, терпеть
To evaluate – оценивать
To be aware – быть в курсе
1. Stereotype – a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing.
2. Nerd – a foolish or contemptible person who lacks social skills or is boringly studious.
3. Faith – complete trust or confidence in someone or something.
4. Commitment – a strong belief that something is good and that you should support it.
5. Pigeon-holing – stamping, labeling someone.
6. We have discarded our faith in astrology and witches.
7. They were aware of the difficulties.
8. That episode was stamped on/in my memory.
9. I am suspicious of any religion.
10. What has prejudiced you against modern music?
Hi. This is Cari and I’m a teacher with the online English school, EnglishDom.com. This week we’re going to talk about stereotypes.
A stereotype is a simple generalization about a group of people. We typically categorize people and then treat them accordingly. This can also be known as pigeon-holing or stamping or labeling someone.
Hmmm…some of the ways that we stereotype people are according to race, or their religion, their personality (for example, kids in school: the class clown, the brain, the nerd, the jock) or according to cliques (like maybe all the kids in the drama club or all the kids on the basketball team or the music class or even people who are in special education classes).
We also stereotype people according to their economic status, or what part of town they live in. Gender stereotypes. We also have stereotypes about different cultures or the countries that people are from. One example that I remember from living here in Mexico was speaking with a taxi driver and just chatting about different things and at one point he said, "Are you Canadian?" and I said, "No, I’m American." "No! You can’t be American. You’re too nice!" And I found that very surprising and I asked him why he thought that and he said because Americans are cold and Canadians are a very warm people. So, that was an example of stereotyping based on culture.
Some phrases or idioms that are related to the idea of stereotyping…
The apple doesn’t fall far from the tree. That means that children tend to be very much like their parents.
Another is… like father, like son. Or, like mother, like daughter. And these, obviously, mean that the child is very similar to the parent of the same sex.
Something sort of related to stereotypes is when you have a textbook case. This means you have a classic or common example of something. This is often used in medical arenas...you say, "Oh, this is a textbook case." (It’s a perfect example of what we expected to see based on our prior idea of something.)
And, if you think about discussing stereotypes or using a stereotype to categorize a person, you might want to bite your tongue. That means that you stop yourself from saying something that may be offensive or negative to another person.
So, that’s a little bit of information about stereotypes. Please join us in one of our discussion clubs or in the forum on our Facebook to share more ideas. Feel English, feel free!
Attempting to get at truth means rejecting stereotypes and cliches.
Popular in our time, unpopular in his. So runs the stereotype of rejected genius.
Stereotypes do exist, but we have to walk through them.
There's three guys on a bridge: an American, Mexican, Asian.
They decide to throw something they have too much of in their country, off the bridge.
First the Asian throws over a large bag of rice.
Then the Mexican throws over a large bag of beans.
Then the American throws over the Mexican.
List of questions for discussion
1. What springs to mind when you hear the word "stereotype"?
2. Are stereotypes usually accurate?
3. What is the stereotype of someone from your country? Is it fair?
4. Are stereotypes good or bad?
5. Where do stereotypes come from?
6. Which people today do you think are being unfairly stereotyped?
7. Do gender stereotypes annoy you?
8. What are the stereotypes of men and women?
9. Do movies show different nationalities as stereotypes?
10. From what age can people become a stereotype?
11. Do you think information technology has reduced or increased racial stereotyping?
12. What stereotypes did you have at school?
13. Have you ever met someone who was the perfect image of a stereotype you had in your mind?
14. Should stereotyping be made illegal?
15. What stereotypes do Hollywood, Bollywood and Hong Kong create?
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