Sweatshop – потогонное производство (с тяжёлым немеханизированным трудом и низкой заработной платой, обычно на небольших полулегальных предприятиях)
Payment – плата, взнос, оплата
Unacceptably – неприемлемо, не допустимо, неудовлетворительно
Dangerous – опасный, рискованный
Low pay – низкая оплата труда
Hazardous – опасный, рискованный
Overtime – сверхурочные часы, сверхурочная работа
Safety – безопасность, надёжность
Compensation – компенсация, возмещение, восполнение
Security – благополучие, обеспеченность
To consider – рассматривать, обсуждать
To violate – нарушать, попирать, преступать
To abuse – злоупотреблять
To protect – защищать, охранять
To regulate – упорядочивать, приводить в порядок, регулировать
To crowd – давить, толкать
To isolate – изолировать, отделять, обособлять
To comprise – включать, заключать в себе, содержать
To argue – спорить, препираться, ссориться
It’s like a sweatshop there. – Тут как потогонное предприятие.
1. To abuse – to treat someone in a cruel or violent way.
2. To violate – likely to harm or kill someone, or to damage or destroy something.
3. To crowd – to move to a particular place at the same time as a lot of other people.
4. Overtime – extra hours that someone works at their job.
5. To argue – if people argue, they speak to each other in an angry way because they disagree.
6. Administrative fine of from five up to ten minimum amounts of payment of labour.
7. The exercising of their rights and the discharge of their duties by the family members shall not isolate the rights, freedoms and legal interests of the other family members and of other citizens.
8. Details of sweatshop waste volumes are contained in the solid waste management plan.
9. We also act to consider the flow of decisioning.
10. In a world of global threats, global markets and global media, our security and prosperity increasingly depend on an effective multilateral system.
Hello! My name's Andrew and I'm a teacher with the EnglishDom and I'm here to do a podcast on sweatshops. Not a very nice subject, as sweatshop is like a big factory where many people work, maybe children even, and they work long, long hours for very, very little pay. Indian, Thailand and Asian countries can be quite famous for sweatshops. Lots of big corporations actually run sweatshops or maybe some of the clothing we are wearing and I'm a bit of a hypocrite, this is made by Nike, so this was maybe made in a sweatshop or maybe not, I'm not sure. I'll leave you to judge on that one. Quite simply we do have a few idioms attached to sweatshops and it's usually with regards to working very hard and very long hours. Like in Britain, let's just say, if you work in McDonald's and you do 12 hour shift and it's very hot and you might say it's like a sweatshop there. It means that there are many people working in there with burgers, throwing burgers around and getting very hot and you're probably not getting paid a lot of money if you're working in McDonald's and that's the only idiom I can really think of. Sweatshops, women, children, low pay, maybe men as well, clothing the main thing and on the other side of it maybe McDonald's, Burger King, Pizza Hut... Who knows, any of these type of places could be called a sweatshop if you work in there.
That's all on sweatshops. I hope you understand what a sweatshop is.
Thank you very much for listening. Feel English and feel free.
That's all from me, poetry.
Sweatshop workers often work long hours for very low pay.
We used to build civilizations. Now we build shopping malls.
All paid jobs absorb and degrade the mind.
Two Yuppettes were shopping. When they started to discuss their home lives, one said,
"Seems like all Alfred and I do anymore is fight. I've been so upset I've lost 20 pounds.
"Why don't you just leave him then?" asked her friend.
"Oh! Not yet." the first replied, "I'd like to lose at least another fifteen pounds first."
List of questions for discussion
1. Sweatshop workers sometimes say working in a sweatshop is better than working on the land. What would you say to them?
2. Do you think there should be a legal minimum wage in every country?
3. Would you be prepared to pay higher prices for clothes if it meant all sweatshops were closed down, or conditions and pay in them greatly improved?
4. Some economists say sweatshops are a necessary step in moving poorer countries towards being a rich country. What do you think?
5. What questions would you like to ask a sweatshop owner?
6. What do you think of the word "sweatshop"? Do you think it’s descriptive?
7. Do you think there’ll always be sweatshops or will they disappear in the future?
8. What do you think is the worst thing about sweatshops?
9. When did you first hear about sweatshops? What did you think?
10. Should sweatshop owners be put in prison?
11. What can the international community do to clamp down on sweatshops?
12. Would you talk to a sweatshop owner if you saw (s)he was using child labour?
13. Do sweatshops provide valuable employment to families who might otherwise have no income?
14. Have you seen any documentaries on TV about sweatshops?
15. If you had the power, would you shut down all of the word's sweatshops?
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